The KIPRED study has found out that political parties are conscious for the necessity to reform and strengthen the democracy within them. Several political parties have already started these reforms. However, the informal formats are still considered more preferred in the decision-making process. The main decisions for the party are usually taken in the informal forums and meetings while avoiding the political organs and hence breaking the legal provisions. These practices of informal-decision making strengthen the role of the leader of the party while exerting the powers from other organs envisaged by the legal framework. Additionally, parties have not achieved to comply with a certain ideology and thus creating room for suffocating the internal cohesion as well as making it quite difficult for a party to increase the electorate support.

The legal framework according to which political parties function has not been able to follow the steps of social development and its needs. This legal framework has now been more suitable to be broken rather than used as a guarantee for good governance.

Hence, KIPRED recommends that political parties resume the process of internal reforms and that relevant authorities take the lead to reform the legal framework according to which they function. This process would eventually lead to positive development of democratic practices in the society by raising political parties’ credibility and the system in which they operate.

This project was supported by the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs of Switzerland.

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